Gyeonggyojang (Historic Site No. 465) is a historic place where the Korean Provisional Government was located and Baekbeom Kim Gu was assassinated.
The Seoul Metropolitan Government restored Gyeonggyojang, the last building of the Korean Provisional Government and the place where Kim Gu passed away, to its original condition in an effort to revive the country’s historic site in modern times and use it as a place to educate citizens.
Furthermore, an exhibition place is also prepared inside to allow people to easily learn the history of the Provisional Government and has been open since Sat, Mar. 2, 2013.
Gyeonggyojang - Historic Site No. 465
Address: Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, 29, Saemunan-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul
Size: 396 m2 (land), 945 m2 in gross area (1 building: 1 basement floor and 2 ground floors)
A place where the spirit of the Provisional Government is still alive
Gyeonggyojang was built in 1938 by Choi Chang-hak, who accumulated great wealth with his mining business during Japanese colonial rule.
When the Korean Provisional Government returned in 1945, Gyeonggyojang was used as a place to conduct the Provisional Government’s activities and provide accommodations for Kim Gu and other officials.
After Kim Gu passed away in Gyeonggyojang in 1949, it was used as the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China and Vietnam, and then as a health facility since 1967.
At that time, Gyeonggyojang’s interior and exterior were renovated as a hospital, altering its original shape.
On March 1, 1919, the Korean people rejected Japan’s colonial rule and declared an independent state. They called the country the "Republic of Korea" and established a provisional government, which is known as the Korean Provisional Government.
Kim Gu and Provisional Government officials who came home in November 1945 continued the State Affairs Committee in Gyeonggyojang to complete a specific plan to independently unite South and North Korea and sought an anti-trusteeship movement. Furthermore, Kim Gu took part in negotiations between South and North Korea and made his final efforts to establish a united government when he was shot dead by Korean Army Second Lieutenant Ahn Doo-hee in Gyeonggyojang on June 26, 1949.
[Kim Gu’s bloodstained clothes (Registered Cultural Heritage No. 439)] [Provisional Government officials in Gyeonggyojang (Dec. 6, 1945)]
The 1st and 2nd floors reproduces the rooms of the Provisional Government at that time based on various historical data, including Life Magazine.
29, Saemunan-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul