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3zone : Seoul under Japanese Control (1910~1945)

Shades of Urban Modernization

  • Gyeongseong: Loss of Tradition

    Gyeongseong: Loss of Tradition

    The Japanese sought perpetual domination of Korea on the one hand while using the Korean Peninsula as a staging ground for invading the Northeast Asian mainland on the other. They determined the direction of colonial development to serve their own needs, and thus the administration of Gyeongseong always tilted toward Japan's interests.

  • Center of Popular Resistance Against Japanese Rule

    Center of Popular Resistance Against Japanese Rule

    The capital remained the center of popular resistance against the government throughout the period of Japanese colonial rule.
    A series of uprisings and movements against Japanese imperialism were staged, starting with the March 1st Movement in 1919.

  • A Look around Gyeongseong

    A Look around Gyeongseong

    The Japanese transformed the urban space of Gyeongseong, and this gave rise to the widespread perception that the Koreans were far behind the Japanese in their development. While suffering rampant discrimination, the Koreans yearned for modernity in every way.

  • Gyeongseong Shrouded in the Shadows of War

    Gyeongseong Shrouded in the Shadows of War

    Japan invaded mainland China in 1937, and the war expanded to all parts of Asia in 1941. The shadows of war deepened in Gyeongseong as well. The Korean people were mired in extreme poverty and under the Japanese were subjected to appropriation of their property, ideological education, and forced labor.